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L1 The High E string and Introduction to notations
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L2 The High E string and Introduction to notations
L3 The High E string and Introduction to notations

S2 Theory for the beginning Guitarist

L1 The High E string and Introduction to notations
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L2 The High E string and Introduction to notations
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L1 The High E string and Introduction to notations
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L2 The High E string and Introduction to notations
L3 The High E string and Introduction to notations

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Shashi Tharoor argues why British Rule destroyed India, North Korea & Liberalism

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@scienceguru | 3 weeks ago

Shashi Tharoor argues why British Rule destroyed India, North Korea & Liberalism



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let's move on to our next questions from Kevin Pietersen so my question is Sashi Tharoor happy olam first thank you you you mentioned about britain mentioned that britain left India in in a worse off condition than then had it been without Britain oh you also mentioned about reparation from Britain what about the skills in engineering and manufacturing India acquired the administrative and democratic processes it inherited the infrastructure left behind and most of all the rapid education of the Indian people of which you are an excellent example surely no one can price these intangible values that were gained during the British rule in India and propel the country to its present position as one of the leading countries in the world finally one more question I'm doing a Geoffrey Robertson here in your opinion where would India be today if the British did not step into India oh there's a lot lot there it'll take the rest of the programme to answer but this is almost like the Americans saying to the widow of the American president apart from that mrs. Lincoln how did you enjoy the play the British came to one of the richest countries in the world accounting for 27 percent of global GDP in 1723 percent in depredation loot and destruction reduced it to a poster child for third-world poverty just over three percent of global GDP 90 percent of the population living below the poverty line when the British left in 1947 a literacy rate to speak of education and literacy rates below 17 percent and a life expectancy of 27 the growth rate of British India from nineteen doing while dreaming the country of Texas and resources education my gosh the British the last thing they wanted to do was invest in educating Indians I will durant the american historian traveling in india's latest 1930 pointed out that the entire expenditure of the british on education in india from the nursery level to the highest universities was less than half the high school budget of the state of new york all the Indian Institutes of Technology the engineering achievement we talking about were established after independence by the Government of India there is simply no comparison between the accomplishments of India rising from the ashes the British left us in and example the textile industry India was a it was leading what happened in fact in the Roman Empire there are debates recorded by Pliny the Elder of Roman senators complaining about the amount of the Roman Empire's gold that was being sent off to India because of the tastes of Rome and women for Indian Muslims linens and Cotton's it wasn't just was just modernism the Industrial Revolution that was it something else no that's the excuse that apologists like to make that you know oh it's not our fault you just miss the bus for the Industrial Revolution but we miss the bus because you threw us under its wheels is what I tell practice in the name of free trade the British came in and destroyed the free trade that had made India leading exporter of textiles the British soldiers smashed the looms so people couldn't practice their craft they imposed punitive duties and taxes on the export of Indian textiles while lifting duties on the import of British cloth and they achieved a captive market at the point of a gun this is not exactly free trade as you can imagine cities like mushi debod and Hakka and the subcontinent were depopulated in one notorious incident weavers have their thumbs cut off so when the looms were repaired they couldn't weave again textiles were systematically destroyed as an industry by the British and that's only one example of many I'm gonna quickly get back to a question out now Kevin do you accept that perhaps the British weren't quite as benign as you just read the book Kevin there's a lot more than bring glory in here he gave this speech along these lines to the Oxford Union got wild applause from the students and others sitting around the Oxford Union Hall and I'm just wondering have young brits come to terms with their colonial past no we haven't at all Young Brits of every class have no idea about a colonial person that is that is being deliberately done we are deliberately denied or you know kept away from education about the real the graphic facts of what the British did around the world you know including in this country to the people of this country the crimes of the British and the crimes of them that we've committed and that were done in our names over in something that we don't like to think about and yet it is everywhere in modern British history when people talk about brexit it's stunning to me that if you ask British people who voted for brexit what their major fear is their fear is that people will come to our country and take our things and you know why III just can't it doesn't compute but we know this history and I took history in British schools up to the age of eighteen and I got a pretty good grade and most never learned a line of colonial history well almost everything that you have just said I learned from your book I'm sorry quickly back to Ashley because you know one of the great heroes of the Second World War in fact of the 20th century Winston Churchill you've basically accused him in your book of complicity in a famine that killed 4 million Bengalis four-point-three I mean Churchill personally took the decisions that actually not only plunged Bengal into starvation but had the British actually purchased great that the Bengalis could barely afford to buy in order to ship it to Europe not to aid the war effort as his defenders claim but to boost the buffer stocks in the event of a future possible invasion of reefs in Yugoslavia people started dying and Churchill said well it's all their fault anyway for breeding like rabbits said I hate the Indians and a beastly people with a beast need religion Australian ships were docking in Calcutta port and were ordered by Churchill and his odious paymaster general Laurel not to disembark their wheat but to sail on to Europe where there which might be used in some future reserve stock on top of that when conscience treat Churchill knows yes I did Churchill know people were dying yes the conscience-stricken British officials are constantly sending memoranda to the Prime Minister personally because it was his decision saying that people were dying literally on the streets and all Churchill could bring himself to do was write peevishly on the side of the file why hasn't Gandhi died yet well and this is the man the British want us to hail as an apostle of freedom and democracy when he is as much blood on his hands as some of the worst genocide all dictators of the 20th century well thank you you underlined that point so we'll we can let others debate it you're watching the Melbourne writers festival Q&A if you have a question for our political leaders join Q&A in the house this pressure you're a politician what do you think I mean obviously you've spent a lot of time looking at this and thinking about it well I think part of the problem really is that every movement creates or provokes a reaction and there's going to be reactions whether it's the right that's making advances or the left there's no question that the world has moved on I don't think this show when it first began would necessarily have had the first guest acknowledging the owners of the land and paying tribute to their elders that's already a sign of respect for a sensitivity that was ignored in the past in Australia I think you'll certainly find that the way in which the discourse has moved around the world on things like homosexual rights some things like other privileges for same-sex couples transgenders all of this not moving very fast in India your own country I should say well transgender security is moving faster than same-sex relationships in terms of political acceptability simply because culturally we've simply been used to them being around all this time homosexuality frankly was completely acceptable in Indian culture food out along and we have you know we are getting we're gonna come to your notions of the Brits I think Laurie there's actually two kinds of backlash going on in the world right now there is a backlash against globalization which has created winners and losers and these people see themselves as losers and they asked why they should vote for politicians or sending their jobs off to Shanghai but there's also a cultural backlash going on I think Michael talked about the globalized elites right Hillary and Goldman Sachs all of this stuff it was a revolt against Davos man on the economic front but was also revolt for greater cultural authenticity religious identity nationalism all of these things I think lay behind trump lay behind brexit lie behind Gert wielders and the Netherlands on marine lepen in France this is a phenomenon that's worldwide I mean the details a manifestation may vary from place to place but these two backlashes are taking place sometimes they're both together sometimes they're separate for in India we have a cultural backlash with a party that's very much you know for a religious idea to do just like turkey but we don't have a backlash against globalization they want to be divorced man they don't want to reject them well actually the question has really about whether the discussion will change outside of the Western countries where it's become a kind of dominant symbolic argument well the Western countries have an influence to some degree but for example in India I try to introduce a law that would simply decriminalize consensual sexual relations between consenting adults and I was shouted down by the ruling party to a point that two attempts suggest introduced a bill were not permitted now was a bill never even got introduced let alone discussed that's the kind of resistance we're facing in India now fortunately the Supreme Court has just given a ruling on the right to privacy that suggests we could very easily apply that in a court action to these issues and that could in turn widen the scope initially once you make you know people's right to love each other legal only then can you start thinking about things like marriage we haven't got they if we have to take the first step first do you quite your government incidentally the Modi government is we have the opposition no it's my government my government of India the Modi government do you sort of quite depth with the religious right in other countries in many ways yes I think mr. Modi to his credit hasn't himself since becoming Prime Minister said anything particularly directly bigoted as he used to in his previous incarnation and during his campaigns but he's unleashed forces that are really no different in many ways from the kind of right-wing religious talk we've seen in other countries from other religions so it really is worrying that we're seeing a kind of naked chauvinism that wasn't polite to even Express in the old days in India especially former diplomat what do you think well I think we've got to think for a minute that maybe the actors and this are not as irrational as they seem to all of us and Kim jong-un probably is looking for example of Saddam Hussein's experience is saying this guy boasted about weapons of mass destruction and he got over overthrown by the Americans for his pains let me show them I have weapons of mass destruction and they won't dare to overthrow me so it's a way of buying himself in a sense perpetuity regime insurance if you like or insurance against regime change in some ways therefore what he's doing with all of this is saying don't try and overthrow me because the price you'll have to pay is far too high to pay he's saying Seoul is easy for me to take out one is easy for me to nuke Japan is within the range of my missiles that's where I just fired one above it San Francisco isn't too far away either folks so do you want to play that kind of hard war with me or will you let me will you leave me alone to be myself is that the sort of hardball that India plays with Pakistan oh I wish no because I mean both days North Korea India and Pakistan will the three of them have all broken international laws in order it's a little more complicated than that India has much more complicated well it is game dear India rightly I think consider the non-proliferation non-proliferation treaty to be an abomination it's the last existence of apartheid and international law where a bunch of country says that we are entitled to have something that the rest of you are not I mean that's racism plain and simple and that's the argument of North Korea exactly so what I'm trying to say is maybe we'll have to live with a nuclear North Korea as Tom Lehrer said in the famous lyric the Lord's our Shepard says the song but just in case we better have a bomb that's exactly what that's exactly what Kim jong-un is thinking I don't admire the man he's everything that Michael says he is he's a nasty character is a stellar this dictator and he's putting his people in great misery and poverty but at the same time he if you think of him as a rational actor what he's doing is a fairly rational calculation and it I think it should give pause to anybody who might be contemplating any military adventure against North Korea the price would be far too high to pay thank you now Q&A is live across Australia on ABC TV I view and a news radio at 9:35 Eastern Standard Time and you can stream us around the world on YouTube Facebook and periscope our first question comes from Katie McDonald Laurie Penney in the wake of brexit and the Trump presidency many have blamed radical progressive liberalism and the rise of political correctness it is argued that movements such as feminism and equal rights for minorities have alienated and agitated a silent majority that are now revolting against the liberal agenda with this in mind how do we continue to fight for equality and equity for all without aggravating or disenfranchising the other side well Laurie welcome back thank you very much it's great to be back thank you for your question before I answer I'd like to start by acknowledging the traditional owners of the land were meeting on the word I'm really hoping I'm going to say this right the war on dairy people of the Kulin nation and pay my respect to their elders past present and future and so we've been hearing this a lot since brexit since the election of Donald Trump that really it's the left's fault and it's woman's fault and it's Muslim people's fault and the fault of people of color for just asking for too much equality and too much change and really you know it's look what you made us do is why here and that it is the language of an abuser and it is the language of children the idea that you are so aggravated by any threat to your sense of superiority no so agitated by any threat to your own privilege that a sudden lack of privilege feels like prejudice well it's not prejudice it is um I don't think as political people as activists and as people who care about in a livable future for the human race we should be moderating our language at this point the opposite I think this is when we go harder because ultimately you can't do feminism you can't do anti racism you can't do any kind of political politic because any kind of progressive politics sorry if your first objective is to make the other side feel comfortable that's a that's a way to just scupper yourself before you're out of the game Lori when you're talking about it in terms of sides is that part of the problem that's been identified by the question is our progressive movements moving too fast for section of the population in the United States and Britain and in parts of Australia well I'm sure some people do feel uncomfortable with the pace of social change but I would suggest they get used to it really I don't think it's my job to make people who are sexist feel more comfortable I'm not a politician I'm a writer and my job is to push the discussion forward and if I'm sick so there is a difference if if I'm saying oh I think that I should have more rights to bodily autonomy and you say I don't know what you actually think about this but mate let's say you say well that makes me feel a bit uncomfortable my job then is not to say oh well I'm sorry you feel uncomfortable your feelings are obviously more important than my right to bodily autonomy those things aren't equal you know it's it's not we seem to think that the feelings of people in positions of power of it importance and equal moral value to the basic right to life an autonomy of people who don't have that privilege I think this quickly go back to Kady a question what do you think I mean you raise this issue I mean do you think there's a genuine disaffection out there in parts of the community the progressive movements going too fast for them I have always believed pretty much what what Laurie has been saying up until Trump was voted in and then I began began to question my hardline progressive view I still I still AM progressive and I still would say I'm a feminist but I also I also am concerned about ignoring or alienating another group and ending up before yes this is Donald Trump is not your fault I really get in some ways there is this paradoxical way where when we hear oh you know it's kind of awful we went too far there is something almost a little bit empowering about that in an in a toxic way thinking oh maybe if we've made a different choice then it could have been different actually no Donald Trump is the fault of racists and sexist Shashi you're a politician what do you think I mean obviously you've spent a long time looking at this and thinking about it well I think part of the problem really is that every movement creates or provokes a reaction and there's going to be reactions whether it's the right that's making advances or the left there's no question that the world has moved on I don't think this show when it first began would necessarily have had the first guest acknowledging the owners of the land and paying tribute to their elders that's already a sign of respect for a sensitivity that was ignored in the past in Australia I think you'll certainly find that the way in which the discourse has moved around the world on things like homosexual rights some things like other privileges for same-sex couples transgenders all of this not moving very fast in India your own country I should say well transgender security is moving faster than same-sex relationships in terms of political acceptability simply because culturally we've simply been used to them being around all this time homosexuality frankly was completely acceptable in Indian culture Brits came along and it and then we have you know we are getting we're gonna come to your notions at the Brits I think Laurie there's actually two kinds of backlash going on in the world right now there is a backlash against globalization which has created winners and losers and these people see themselves as losers and they asked why they should vote for politicians or sending their jobs off to Shanghai but there's also a cultural backlash going on I think Michael talked about the globalized elites right Hillary and Goldman Sachs all of this stuff it was a revolt against Davos man on the economic front but was also revolt for greater cultural authenticity religious identity nationalism all of these things I think lay behind trump lay behind brexit lie behind Gert will Dez and the Netherlands or marine lepen in France this is a phenomenon that's worldwide I mean the details a manifestation may vary from place to place but these two backlashes are taking place sometimes they're both together sometimes they're separate for an India we have a cultural backlash with a party that's very much you know for a religious identity just like Turkey but we don't have a backlash against globalization they want to be divorced man they don't want to reject them well        

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